(in the philosophy of Plato) objective reality as distorted by perception
“to show,”  “to appear”

something that exists in a person’s mind
from Greek phantasma “image, phantom, apparition; mere image, unreality,” from phantazein “to make visible, display,” from stem of phainein “to bring to light, make appear; come to light, be seen, appear; explain, expound, inform against; appear to be so,”

daydream, dream, vision, mirage, brainchild, idea, concoction,fable, invention, envisaging, imaging, visualization, cloudland, shangri-la, utopia, daymare

Thought, Aristotle insists, always requires a phantasma.
Aristotle’s Greek word, that is commonly and traditionally translated as “[mental] image” is “phantasma”
Very arguably, Aristotle’s views about imagery (phantasmata) cannot be fully understood in isolation from his views about imagination (phantasia), which he defined as “(apart from any metaphorical sense of the word) the process by which we say that an image [phantasma] is presented to us” (De Anima 428a 1-4).
In any case, it is abundantly clear that, in many even if not all cases, Aristotele uses “phantasma” to refer to what we now call a mental image.

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